Ivory Coast

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Imagine: The Collapse of International Order, Syria, and Berlin in 1945

There is nothing inevitable about international order. The lessons of two world wars which informed the creation of the United Nations in 1945, and the maintenance of international peace and security for over 60 years,…

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The Olympic Games, and the Battle for Aleppo, Begin—Obama’s Debacle in Syria — Update #70 (July 28)

The Opening of the XXX Olympic Games It was a poignant moment, as world leaders gathered in London last night (July 27) for the opening of the XXX Olympic Games, with the performance of an…

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South Africa strays from Mandela’s vision, abstaining in Security Council vote on Syria— Update #69 (July 27)

The following article is divided into five sections or parts. Due to its length, the reader may wish to read one or more different sections at different times. The sections are: (1) South Africa’s Abstention…

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Security Council adopts Resolution 2059 extending mandate of UNSMIS for 30 days (with text); fighting and risks intensify—Obama’s Debacle in Syria — Update #67 (July 20)

The U.N. Security Council adopted a draft resolution sponsored by the United Kingdom, France, and Germany on Friday morning, July 20, 2012, extending the term of the UNSMIS for a final period of 30 days….

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REPRISE: “The League of Authoritarian States”—Obama’s Debacle in Syria — Update #65 (July 19)

REPRISE: “The League of Authoritarian States”—Obama’s Debacle in Syria — Update #50 (June 9) First published June 9, 2012 … Responses to events in Syria have etched in sharp relief the emergence of a new…

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If Russia vetoes a Security Council resolution on Syria, then what? — Obama’s Debacle in Syria — Update # 64 (July 17)

We are at a potential decision point on Syria. A draft resolution presented by France, the U.K., the United States and Germany, extending the UNSMIS observer mission for 45 days and calling for sanctions under…