use of force

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Beyond Trump and the November elections: Is a coherent U.S. foreign policy possible?

2016 is a good year to be observing what people in the United States are saying about foreign policy. There are new and dangerous currents in U.S. politics which may affect foreign policy. To try…

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Obama’s capitulation ———- Russia bombs U.S. and British support base in Syria: U.S. responds by caving in on Ukraine sanctions on Russia

Developing Russia has bombed U.S. and U.K. support bases and facilities in Syria, on June 16 and July 12, 2016. One of the most significant aspects of these events, perhaps, is that the administration of…





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International Law and the Descent toward Barbarism: MSF —“Wars are being fought as in ‘barbarian times’

International Law constitutes the structure and the fabric which helps to hold international society back from a descent into barbarism. But, as is the case in holding any government accountable to law, the efficacy of…


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REPRISE—- Ukraine: Russian military intervention underway or likely, as Putin follows Hitler’s playbook in the Crimea (February 27, 2014)

First published February 27, 2014 Russian President Vladimir Putin may have already decided to intervene militarily in the Ukraine, in order to seize the Crimea where the Russian Black Sea fleet is based. All events…



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A “cessation of hostilities” in Syria? (with link to text of February12, 2016 Munich communique)

The ghost of Kofi Annan lives on, in the form of the U.N. negotiations under the aegis of Stefan de Mistura and the Security Council’s resolution in December, 2015 laying out the latest version of…


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Syria: Aleppo and the shame of the world

For background, see (1) Roger Cohen, “America’s Syrian Shame,” The New York Times, February 8, 2016. (2) David E. Sanger, “Russian Intervention in Syrian War Has Sharply Reduced U.S. Options, New York Times, February 10,…