Nagorno-Karabakh Update (with latest dispatches)

For background, see,

“Turkey appears behind Azerbaijan move to retake Nagorno-Karabakh,” The Trenchant Observer, September 29, 2020.

Latest news articles and analysis

(1) Pilar Bonet, “El recrudecimiento del conflicto en el Alto Karabaj plantea nuevos problemas a Rusia y Turquía,” El País, 29 de septiembre 2020 (18:30 EDT).

(2) “Worum es im Krieg um Bergkarabach geht; Der Konflikt hat eine geopolitische Dimension, wird aber seit mehr als 30 Jahren von regionaler Feindschaft getrieben. Was wollen Armenien und Aserbaidschan – und wie gefährlich kann der Konflikt noch werden?” Die Welt, 30. September 2020 (5:29 p.m. CET).

An important clue to what may be behind the recrudence of the Nagorno-Karabach conflict became evident today, as Turkish President unleashed a round of repression against opposition leaders in Turkey.


Anna-Sophie Schneider, “Haftbefehle gegen prokurdische Politiker: Erdoğans Schlag gegen die Opposition; Türkische Behörden gehen gegen fast 100 Oppositionspolitiker vor. Hintergrund sind sechs Jahre zurückliegende Proteste. Das alles passiert mitten in einer schweren Krise des Landes,” Der Spiegel,
den 30 September 2020 (19.02 Uhr).

About the Author

James Rowles
"The Trenchant Observer" is edited and published by James Rowles (aka "The Observer"), an author and international lawyer who has taught International Law, Human Rights, and Comparative Law at major U.S. universities, including Harvard, Brandeis, the University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Kansas. Dr. Rowles is a former staff attorney at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organization of American States OAS), in Wasington, D.C., , where he was in charge of Brazil, Haiti, Mexico and the United States, and also worked on complaints from and reports on other countries including Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. As an international development expert, he has worked on Rule of Law, Human Rights, and Judicial Reform in a number of countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, and the Russian Federation. In the private sector, Dr. Rowles has worked as an international attorney for a leading national law firm and major global companies, on joint ventures and other matters in a number of countries in Europe (including Russia and the Ukraine), throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, and in Australia, Indonesia, Vietnam, China and Japan. The Trenchant Observer blog provides an unfiltered international perspective for news and opinion on current events, in their historical context, drawing on a daily review of leading German, French, Spanish and English newspapers as well as the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and other American newspapers, and on sources in other countries relevant to issues being analyzed. Dr. Rowles speaks fluent English, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish, and also knows other languages. He holds an S.J.D. or Doctor of Juridical Science in International Law from Harvard University, and a Doctor of Law (J.D.) and a Master of the Science of Law (J.S.M.=LL.M.), from Stanford University. As an undergraduate, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree, also from Stanford, where he graduated “With Great Distinction” (summa cum laude) and received the James Birdsall Weter Prize for the best Senior Honors Thesis in History. In addition to having taught as a Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School, Dr. Rowles has been a Visiting Scholar at Harvard University's Center for International Affairs (CFIA). His fellowships include a Stanford Postdoctoral Fellowship in Law and Development, the Rómulo Gallegos Fellowship in International Human Rights awarded by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and a Harvard MacArthur Fellowship in International Peace and Security. Beyond his articles in The Trenchant Observer, he is the author of two books and numerous scholarly articles on subjects of international and comparative law. Currently he is working on a manuscript drawing on some the best articles that have appeared in the blog.