Ukraine Crisis, February 2, 2022: U.S. and NATO Replies to Putins demands (with links to leaked documents)


Because so much is being written about the Ukraine Crisis, we are providing links to the most important news dispatches and analyses, in particular those by journalists with strong records of outstanding reporting.

These may be provided on an ongoing basis while the draft of the current article is em>developing, for the benefit of those who are following developments very closely.



1) Steven Erlanger and Andrew E. Kramer, “In Responses to Russia, U.S. Stands Firm on Who Can Join NATO; In responses to Moscow’s security demands, the U.S. and NATO rejected a demand that Ukraine never join the alliance but offered more transparency on missile deployments in Eastern Europe, ” New York Times, February 2, 2022 (Updated 12:35 p.m. ET);

2) Hibai Arbide Aza and Miguel González, HI, “US offered disarmament measures to Russia in exchange for deescalation of military threat in Ukraine; In documents accessed by EL PAÍS, the responses from Washington and NATO to Vladimir Putin’s demands reject closing the door on future incorporations to the Alliance but do pave the way for mutual trust-building measures,” El País, February 1, 2022 (01:37 EST).

The English version of this story is published on the El País website. The original Spanish text is found here.

3) Michael R. Gordon and James Marson, “U.S. and Ukraine Differ Over Russian Threat, Worrying Both; Kyiv, long threatened by Moscow, wants to prevent panic and save its economy, while some in Washington fear complacency,” Wall Street Journal, February 2, 2022 (8:50 am ET);

4) Leo Klimm und Britta Sandber (Paris), “Macrons riskantes Doppelspiel; Die USA und Russland wollten im Ukrainekonflikt allein verhandeln – doch Frankreichs Staatschef Macron hat sich selbst eine Rolle gegeben: Er setzt auf ein Spiel aus Nähe und Distanz mit Wladimir Putin. Kann das gut gehen?” Der Spiegel, den 2, Februar 2022 (22.14 Uhr);

5) “Scholz kündigt baldiges Treffen mit Putin an: Der Bundesregierung wird vorgeworfen, sich angesichts Russlands Bedrohung der Ukraine zu sehr zurückzuhalten. Olaf Scholz kündigte jetzt im ZDF an, »in Kürze« nach Moskau zu reisen – aber nicht zu Olympia,” Der Spiegel, den 2. Februar 2022 (22.51 Uhr);

Main article to follow later today.

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James Rowles
"The Trenchant Observer" is edited and published by James Rowles (aka "The Observer"), an author and international lawyer who has taught International Law, Human Rights, and Comparative Law at major U.S. universities, including Harvard, Brandeis, the University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Kansas. Dr. Rowles is a former staff attorney at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organization of American States OAS), in Wasington, D.C., , where he was in charge of Brazil, Haiti, Mexico and the United States, and also worked on complaints from and reports on other countries including Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. As an international development expert, he has worked on Rule of Law, Human Rights, and Judicial Reform in a number of countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, and the Russian Federation. In the private sector, Dr. Rowles has worked as an international attorney for a leading national law firm and major global companies, on joint ventures and other matters in a number of countries in Europe (including Russia and the Ukraine), throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, and in Australia, Indonesia, Vietnam, China and Japan. The Trenchant Observer blog provides an unfiltered international perspective for news and opinion on current events, in their historical context, drawing on a daily review of leading German, French, Spanish and English newspapers as well as the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and other American newspapers, and on sources in other countries relevant to issues being analyzed. Dr. Rowles speaks fluent English, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish, and also knows other languages. He holds an S.J.D. or Doctor of Juridical Science in International Law from Harvard University, and a Doctor of Law (J.D.) and a Master of the Science of Law (J.S.M.=LL.M.), from Stanford University. As an undergraduate, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree, also from Stanford, where he graduated “With Great Distinction” (summa cum laude) and received the James Birdsall Weter Prize for the best Senior Honors Thesis in History. In addition to having taught as a Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School, Dr. Rowles has been a Visiting Scholar at Harvard University's Center for International Affairs (CFIA). His fellowships include a Stanford Postdoctoral Fellowship in Law and Development, the Rómulo Gallegos Fellowship in International Human Rights awarded by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and a Harvard MacArthur Fellowship in International Peace and Security. Beyond his articles in The Trenchant Observer, he is the author of two books and numerous scholarly articles on subjects of international and comparative law. Currently he is working on a manuscript drawing on some the best articles that have appeared in the blog.