Ukraine War, February 11, 2023: U.S. forces actively participating in Ukrainian military operations; Why such action in collective self-defense does not make U.S. a party to the conflict, under international law and the U.N. Charter

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To see a list of previous articles, enter “Ukraine” in the Search Box on the upper right, and you will see a list in chronological order.

To understand the broad context within which current developments in Ukraine should be considered,see

“Ukraine War, October 26, 2022: The context for analysis of current developments; The “dirty bomb” as a Russian propaganda distraction from current war crimes,” The Trenchant Observer, October 26, 2022.


1) Isabelle Khurshudyan, Dan Lamothe, Shane Harris and Paul Sonne, “Ukraine’s rocket campaign reliant on U.S. precision targeting, officials say; Ukrainian officials say that they almost never launch HIMARS rounds without detailed coordinates provided by U.S. military personnel situated elsewhere in Europe,” Washington Post, February 9,2023 (4:19 p.m. EST);

2) Sylvie Kauffmann, “‘Il y a trop de cadavres russes dans les placards de la République française’; La France, qui affronte aujourd’hui, comme l’Allemagne, l’échec de sa politique de dialogue avec la Russie, ne peut pas faire l’économie d’un vrai débat sur le sujet, estime, dans sa chronique, Sylvie Kauffmann,éditorialiste au « Monde,” Le Monde, le 8 février 2023 (mis à jour à 10h05);

3) Editorial,”Guerre en Ukraine : pour l’Europe, adapter le discours à la réalité; Empêcher la Russie de ‘l’emporter’, comme l’a exprimé, jeudi, Emmanuel Macron lors de sa rencontre à Paris avec le président ukrainien, impliquera un engagement financier et militaire plus important que celui fourni jusqu’ici. Et de préparer, avec le reste des institutions, l’opinion à la gravité de la situation,” Le Monde, le 10 février 2023 (11h00);


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About the Author

James Rowles
"The Trenchant Observer" is edited and published by James Rowles (aka "The Observer"), an author and international lawyer who has taught International Law, Human Rights, and Comparative Law at major U.S. universities, including Harvard, Brandeis, the University of Pittsburgh, and the University of Kansas. Dr. Rowles is a former staff attorney at the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) of the Organization of American States OAS), in Wasington, D.C., , where he was in charge of Brazil, Haiti, Mexico and the United States, and also worked on complaints from and reports on other countries including Argentina, Chile, Uruguay, El Salvador, Nicaragua, and Guatemala. As an international development expert, he has worked on Rule of Law, Human Rights, and Judicial Reform in a number of countries in Latin America, the Caribbean, Africa, the Middle East, South Asia, and the Russian Federation. In the private sector, Dr. Rowles has worked as an international attorney for a leading national law firm and major global companies, on joint ventures and other matters in a number of countries in Europe (including Russia and the Ukraine), throughout Latin America and the Caribbean, and in Australia, Indonesia, Vietnam, China and Japan. The Trenchant Observer blog provides an unfiltered international perspective for news and opinion on current events, in their historical context, drawing on a daily review of leading German, French, Spanish and English newspapers as well as the New York Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, and other American newspapers, and on sources in other countries relevant to issues being analyzed. Dr. Rowles speaks fluent English, French, German, Portuguese and Spanish, and also knows other languages. He holds an S.J.D. or Doctor of Juridical Science in International Law from Harvard University, and a Doctor of Law (J.D.) and a Master of the Science of Law (J.S.M.=LL.M.), from Stanford University. As an undergraduate, he received a Bachelor of Arts degree, also from Stanford, where he graduated “With Great Distinction” (summa cum laude) and received the James Birdsall Weter Prize for the best Senior Honors Thesis in History. In addition to having taught as a Lecturer on Law at Harvard Law School, Dr. Rowles has been a Visiting Scholar at Harvard University's Center for International Affairs (CFIA). His fellowships include a Stanford Postdoctoral Fellowship in Law and Development, the Rómulo Gallegos Fellowship in International Human Rights awarded by the Inter-American Commission on Human Rights, and a Harvard MacArthur Fellowship in International Peace and Security. Beyond his articles in The Trenchant Observer, he is the author of two books and numerous scholarly articles on subjects of international and comparative law. Currently he is working on a manuscript drawing on some the best articles that have appeared in the blog.