use of force

The Elephant in the Room:  Russia’s Role in the Demonstrations

The Elephant in the Room:  Russia’s Role in the Demonstations One of the great unknowns  is the extent to which Russia may have stoked racial…

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Without International Law, “anarchy is loosed upon the world.”

The Second Coming (published 1921) Turning and turning in the widening gyre The falcon cannot hear the falconer; Things fall apart; the centre cannot hold;…






Foreign policy without International Law

Since the Thirty Years War (1618-1648), the Peace of Westphalia (1648) and the foundational writings of Hugo Grotius, nations have paid attention to international law in…



Trump Steers Dangerous Course in Venezuela

Developing (uncorrected draft)   Donald Trump has set the United States on a dangerous course in its policy toward Venezuela. The Trump administration seems to…



Keeping Track of Trump’s Foreign Policy: From the Kerch Strait to Russian sanctions, Khashoggi, Syria, and Afghanistan

U.S. foreign policy under the direction of a malevolent simpleton The great challenge facing observers and critics of U.S. foreign policy is to keep track…