use of force

Putin calls Trump, is reassured, and resumes bombing in Syria

Developing See Christina Hebel und Christoph Sydow (Moskau und Berlin), “Putins Botschaft an Trump;  Sie haben sich Zusammenarbeit zugesagt, doch während Donald Trump sich auf…


President-elect Trump, foreign policy, and the defense of core American values

Developing Given Donald Trump’s inexperience in foreign policy, he may not understand or appreciate certain fundamental principles and realities that are essential for the maintenance…




Donald Trump, Russian stooge: Putin’s Trojan horse within striking distance of victory over NATO, the EU, and the Atlantic Alliance

Developing This article has not been indexed by Google. See “Not indexed by Google: Trenchant Observer article with text of Security Council Resolution 2118; the…




Watch the ball move: Obama moves attention to Mosul, distracting from abject appeasement by Merkel, EU, and U.S. in response to ongoing Russian war crimes in Aleppo and Syria

Developing Appeasement has many colors and takes many forms. In the last few days, it has taken the form in Europe of shifting the focus…


Personal Takes: Russian war crimes in Syria, appeasement, and disgust

Developing PERSONAL TAKES Once in a while, The Observer reflects on his own personal involvement in world events. Today’s news triggered such a reflection. The…


Cherif Bassiouni, top expert on war crimes, confirms Russians and Iranians, including Putin, responsible for war crimes in Syria if they were aware of operations

Developing See Josh Rogin, “Putin and Assad could face justice for war crimes in Syria, Washington Post, October 9, 2016 (7:53 p.m. EDT). Julian Borger,…