1994 Budapest memorandum

REPRISE — The fruits of pacifist foreign policies: Aggression in Ukraine, atrocities in Syria

Viewing the developing Russian-Ukrainian war from the vantage point of March 3, 2014, it is striking to note how much of what has happened since…



The Budapest Memorandum (1994) and the Ukraine: Worth Re-reading

The key provisions of the 1994 Budapest Mmorandum guaranteeing the territorial integrity, sovereignty and political independence of the Ukraine, signed upon the latter’s accession to…


Western diplomats stumble in the Ukraine—-Stop telephone diplomacy, let Germany lead, and publish serious international law memoranda

Updated March 7, 2014 Western leaders have made three major blunders since the Russian military takeover of the Crimea first began on or around February…


The fruits of pacifist foreign policies: Aggression in Ukraine, atrocities in Syria; Merkel’s fact-finding mission—a last chance to avert disaster?

The new hybrid pacifism The new, hybrid pacifism of Barack Obama and NATO countries has been obscured by Obama’s use of drones, and military operations…